June 3rd – 5th, 2011
Table of Contents
- Welcome to JALTCALL 2011
- Commercial Sponsors
- 2011 Conference Team
- Transportation & Room
- Keynote Address Abstract
- Plenary Address Abstracts
- Keynote and Plenary Speakers
- Presentation Abstracts
- Presenter Listing
- Map of the Kurume University Campus
From Kurume University
Welcome to Kurume University!
We are very pleased to serve as the host of the 16th annual JALT CALL
Conference. Kurume University was established as Kyushu Medical School
in 1928. It has since developed into a comprehensive private
university, consisting of 5 faculties with 11 departments, 5 graduate
schools and 14 research institutes. We have 2 campuses, 2 hospitals,
and attached junior and senior high schools in Kurume City.
Kurume University’s language education programs comprise offerings in
English, German, French, Chinese, Korean and Japanese as a Foreign
Language. To best help students reach their potential and meet future
needs, our varied and dynamic course offerings are complemented by the
latest in multimedia learning facilities.
The newest addition to the Mii Campus, the 1000 Building (Computing
Center), is replete with state of the art CALL facilities, while the
self–study room and language laboratories of the 800 building (Media
Center) have recently been completely overhauled. Wi–Fi is campus–wide,
and will be made available to participants of the Conference. We are
proud our facilities and are sure you will find them well–suited to our
Finally, and also on behalf of the Kurume student and staff members who
will be on–site to help out during the Conference, I hope you will have
a productive and enjoyable three days with us. Do not hesitate to ask
us if we can be of assistance at any time.
2011 Conference Site Chair
From the Conference Chair
Welcome to JALTCALL 2011! On behalf of the conference team and SIG
officers, I would like to warmly welcome all the delegates, presenters,
and sponsors to the 2011 JALT CALL SIG Annual Conference, “Building
Learning Environments”. This is our first time in Kyushu and we hope
that you enjoy this part of Japan. A conference such as this one would
not be possible without our presenters, who have come from around the
world to share their latest research findings and strategies, and we
are very grateful for the time and effort they have made.
We are especially delighted this year to bring you three excellent
speakers. Our Keynote Speaker, Carla Meskill, is a Professor in the
Department of Educational Theory and Practice, University at Albany,
State University of New York. Her research and teaching explore new
forms of technology use in language education as well as the influences
of new technologies on developing language and literacy practices. In
tandem, her work explores the nature of electronic literacy and its
centrality in teacher professional development. On these and related
topics she has published widely. Her Keynote Speech explores the kinds
of online environments that language educators design and make use of
in their blended and online teaching, which is directly related to our
We are also very pleased to present one of our Plenary Speakers, Dr.
Charles Browne, Professor of Applied Linguistics and Head of EFL
Teacher Training Program at Meiji Gakuin University in Tokyo. He is an
innovative CALL practitioner, as can be seen with his research and work
in Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition as well as with language
learning applications and support tools for online videos. In this
Plenary session, he will begin by developing the argument for the
importance of teaching high frequency vocabulary, citing some of his
background research on the serious vocabulary gaps that face EFL
learners in Japan. After a discussion of the differences between high
frequency vocabulary needed for proficiency in reading and that for
listening, he will then describe the theoretical underpinnings of
several online tools he helped to develop for assisting students to be
able to better comprehend unsimplified videos. We would like to express
our gratitude to EnglishCentral for sponsoring Dr. Browne.
Dr. Mark Warshauer is a Professor in the Department of Education and
the Department of Informatics at the University of California, Irvine,
director of UCI’s Ph.D. in Education program, and founding director of
UCI’s Digital Learning Lab. He has previously taught and conducted
research at the University of California, Berkeley, the University of
Hawaii, Moscow Linguistics University, and Charles University in
Prague. He was the Keynote Speaker at JALTCALL 2009 in Tokyo and he is
currently on sabbatical at Waseda University in Tokyo. We are very
delighted to bring him back to JALTCALL this year as a Plenary Speaker.
His presentation will provide an overview of the transition in reading
from page to screen and its importance for English language learning
and teaching, illustrating the potential value of visual–syntactic text
formatting (VSTF) and other new approaches. We would like to express
our gratitude to Kurume University for sponsoring Dr. Warschauer.
We would like to express our deep gratitude to Site Chair, Arthur
Meerman, as well as the administrators, staff and students of Kurume
University for helping to plan, organize and work to make this an
excellent conference. Without their help, this conference would not be
This year, lunch will be served in the university cafeteria, “Zip”
which is located on the first floor of the Media Center, not far from
the registration desk. On Saturday, participants will be able to
purchase a regular lunch prepared by the cafeteria. On Sunday, however,
Japanese box lunches, “bento” will be available. If you wish to
purchase a bento, please reserve and pay on Saturday at the
registration desk. Sunday bentos will be on sale for 500 Yen until 2:00
pm on Saturday. You may also choose to buy lunch at a one of three
convenience stores around the campus.
Our unparalleled Saturday evening “Networking Reception” will be held
on campus on the second floor of the Student Union Building or “Gakusei
Kaikan” from 6:30 to 8:30 pm in the “Keyaki Restaurant”. We invite all
of you to join us at this very important social activity!
Finally, we would like to thank all the conference team members, who
have worked unceasingly these past few months to prepare for a
conference on this scale. Once again we invite anyone interested in
helping out to let us know how you can contribute to future JALT CALL
We wish to thank the following sponsors for their important
- English Central
- Pearson Longman
- Compass Publishing
- Oxford University Press
- Kurume University
- Kurume City
Conference Chair: Robert Chartrand
Site Chair: Arthur Meerman
Program: Glenn Stockwell
Scheduling: Jonathan Harrison
Vetting Chair: Glenn Stockwell
Conference Treasury: Douglas Jarrell, Kevin Ryan
Handbook Layou:t Gary Ross, Paul Mason
Handbook Editor: Robert Chartrand
Publicity: David Ockert
Registration: Gordon Bateson, Douglas Jarrell, Hideko Yano, Bruce Lander
Associate Member Liaison: Gerard Levesque
Student Help Coordinators: Kathleen Brown, Paul Lewis
Website and Database Managers: Paul Daniels, Gary Ross
Conference Website Design & Programming: Gary Ross, Paul
Blue brick logo: Paul Yamagata–Madlon
Technical Support: Toshihiko Shiotsu
Pre–Conference Workshops: Joseph Tomei
Conference Support: Tom Gorham, Edo Forsyth
The JALTCALL 2011 Conference is the result of the efforts, energies,
and input of many, many people from around Japan. To the presenters,
our commercial sponsors, attendees, student staff and all who have
helped in any way, the Conference Team says, “Thank You!”
The Japan Association for
JALT is a large, professional organization with many overseas members.
The monthly The Language Teacher and twice–yearly JALT Journal are two
of the many benefits of joining. Further details and contact
information are available at jalt.org.
JALT CALL SIG
The JALT CALL SIG’s primary purposes include researching and promoting
the use of technology to assist language learning, and providing
language teachers with opportunities to keep abreast of current thought
and practices concerning CALL. Our members receive The JALT CALL
Journal, the proceedings of JALTCALL (our annual conference), and
discounts on one–off publications. CALL SIG members also have the
opportunity to present and attend sessions from global CALL experts at
both JALTCALL and our forums at the JALT national conference. Visit the
CALL SIG at jaltcall.org
Times and Room Numbers
Times and room numbers are not listed in the handbook. Please check the
separate block schedule you received at the registration desk for room
numbers and presentation times. Thank you.
This year the CALL SIG will take some videos of the Keynote and Plenary
Speeches as well as a limited number of regular presentations. If you
are a presenter, you may be asked whether or not you wish to
participate in this video program. The video links will be posted to
our conference website. Your cooperation is greatly appreciated.
For Twitter, please use our hashtag #jaltcall. Thank–you.
As you know, each year the conference team works hard to design our
conference to promote informal networking and the interchange of ideas
and information amongst our members and guests in addition to the
formal reporting of research and various practices. Please enjoy the
time between sessions and the lunchtime opportunities to meet new
people and discuss the proceedings of the day. Welcome to the annual
Networking Reception! Located in the Gakusei Kaikan 2nd floor, take
advantage of this once a year opportunity to meet up with old friends,
colleagues, drinking companions and make new ones! As always, there are
many people in our professional community who we often know via print,
electronic or other modes of communication, so now may be the best
chance for a face–to–face chat with great food and drink in a great
Saturday: Lunch will be served in the cafeteria on the first floor of
the Media Center, near the registration area. Go to the cafeteria
counter, choose a dish and pay at the cashier.
Sunday: The cafeteria staff is off on Sunday, so we have prepared a
lunch box bento service for you. Please choose and pay for a bento (500
yen) on Saturday at the registration area. Bentos will be distributed
in the cafeteria on Sunday from 11:00 am to 2:00 pm. If you do not
reserve a bento on Saturday, you will not be able to purchase a bento
on Sunday. There are also some convenience stores around the campus as
well as a few restaurants. Please ask one of the student helpers for
A cloakroom will be available near the reception area. You may leave
your suitcase and other belongings there. Student helpers will staff
the cloakroom on Saturday until 7 pm. If you attend the Networking
Reception, please take you belongings with you and a separate cloakroom
will be available next to the restaurant area. Please do not leave any
belongings overnight in the cloakroom. The cloakroom will also be
available on Sunday until 5 pm. While we will try our best to safeguard
your belongings, neither JALTCALL nor Kurume University takes
responsibility for any loss.
Smoking is not permitted in any building on campus. You are only
permitted to smoke in designated smoking areas outside the buildings.
There is one smoking area outside the Media Center, in front of the
sports ground. There are benches and ashtrays available.
The Mii Campus is wireless. However, computer classrooms in the
Computer Center do not have WiFi, since the desktop computers have
Internet access. There is a WiFi lounge on every floor of the Computer
Center to the right of the elevators. This area is surrounded by a
panoramic view of the campus and has power outlets for your mobile
device. You are encouraged to use this area if you like. Please consult
the technical desk to obtain a temporary ID and PASSWORD.
Computer Center (1000 Building). This new building contains the newest
computers available and run Windows Vista. The presentation rooms are
located on the fourth and fifth floors of this building. For example,
room 1052 means Building 1000, fifth floor. Room 1044 means Building
1000, fourth floor. There are lounge areas on each floor next to the
elevators where you can access WiFi and you can plug in your mobile
device. Eating and drinking is not allowed in any computer classroom.
Media Center (800 Building). This building hosts the registration area
(first floor), the publishers display area (next to registration) the
poster area (second floor lobby), Keynote and Plenaries (82A, second
floor). The LL1 – LL6 rooms are located on the 4th floor and the AV1 –
AV4 rooms are on the 6th floor.
Transportation & Classroom Info
From the Airport to Kurume
• Highway Bus—The easiest and most efficient way to get to Kurume from
Fukuoka International Airport is to take the highway bus. It takes
about one hour and costs 1,200 yen.
• Buses every 30 minutes. Wait at Bus stop #3. There are 3 lines, each
for a different destination. The middle line goes to Kurume. Pay when
you get off. Get off at the next to last stop, Nishitetsu Kurume, best
part of town.
• From here, you can take a Nishitetsu bus (200 yen) to Kurume
University Mii Campus. Get off at Asazuma (朝妻) bus stop. Please check
our website for more information.
• You can also take a taxi from the Nishitetsu Kurume Station to Kurume
University. A taxi (1,000 yen) will take you in front of the Computer
Center. It takes about 10 minutes. Ask the driver to let you off at the
bus stop before going up the hill to the Administration Building.
• To return to Kurume, you can go into the lobby of the Administration
Building and pick up the white phone, which is a dedicated line to the
taxi company. It usually takes about 3 minutes for a taxi to arrive.
Sunday. Schedules will be posted at the registration desk.
• Some buses go to Nishitetsu Kurume Station and others go to JR Kurume
Mii Campus of Kurume University, Kurume Daigakumae .（久留米大学前） It is a
short walk from this train station to the reception area (about 5
minutes.) in the Media Center first floor. The trains are, however,
irregular and infrequent, so please check the train schedule before
heading to the station. This train will take you to JR Kurume station,
which is a Shinkansen station. Take the train in the direction of
Hakata before taking trains towards Tokyo.
from JR Kurume Station to Hakata Station, but it is more expensive than
the regular or express trains. Please check the fares. Some of the
trains connect directly to Osaka without changing trains at Hakata.
Most of the time, though, you will need to change trains at Hakata
Station, the main train station in Fukuoka City.
Driving to the Mii Campus
don’t forget to go to the Mii Campus (not the Asahi-machi Campus). It
is about 10 minutes from the Kurume Interchange to the campus. You can
park your car just next to the Gym, the visitor parking lot is open
until 9:30 pm. Parking is free. Do not park your car on the campus next
to the buildings.
Here are some simple driving
After passing the tollbooth, there are two directions to choose from.
Choose to go LEFT.
• Follow the road to the first traffic light and turn LEFT.
• Go straight about 50 meters and turn RIGHT at the first corner.
• Go straight (you will see Mr. Max on your left side) and go straight
past the traffic light and you will get to a train crossing.
• After the train crossing turn RIGHT & drive over a small bridge.
• Go straight to the first traffic light turn LEFT. (You will see a
high school on your left side—Nanchiku High School)
• Go straight, go past the traffic light & turn RIGHT at the first
corner (you’ll see Kurume University Parking Lot & Gym on the right)
• Go straight, do not enter the parking lot, and drive to the entrance
gate (you will see some tall buildings on your right)
• Drive up the small hill and park somewhere on the right side.
Media Center (800 Building) LL and AV
This building contains the language lab classrooms as well as the
located on the 1st floor lobby.
• The cafeteria is located on the 1st floor.
• The Poster Area is located on the 2nd floor lobby.
• LL1 to LL6 classrooms are located on the 4th floor.
• AV1 to AV4 classrooms are located on the 6th floor.
Please consult any of the student staff for information about what to
do in Kurume. You may also look at Kurume Convention Bureau website for
more information < www.kurume-hotomeki.jp/en/>.
Dr. Carla Meskill
State University of New York, Albany
Online Instructional Environments for Language Teaching: Designing the
This talk explores the kinds of online environments that language
educators design and make use of in their blended and online teaching.
Central to these designs and their implementations is careful
consideration of contemporary learners, the digital societies in which
they live, and the daily digital practices in which they engage. The
question of how online language learning activity can be both similar
to and distinct from the quotidian is raised within the framework of
global shifts towards ubiquitous connectivity and its discontents
(Turkle, 2011. Examples of how language educators can and do take
maximum advantage of both the affordances of online environment to
orchestrate student engage with the target language, with consideration
of their learners’ extant expertise, dispositions, and proclivities for
social connectivity will illustrate the promise of online and blended
environments for effective instructional conversations. Critical roles
for instructors are emphasized, and samples of online instructional
conversations whereby language teaching professionals fully exploit the
medium and its opportunities underscore the importance of pedagogical
knowledge over technical skill in the future of CALL. While the design
of online environments and the teaching processes made possible by them
will be discussed and illustrated, of particular interest are the
instructional conversations afforded by such designs and the growing
empirical research that supports the effectiveness of
conversation–centered language learning environments.
Dr. Charles Browne
Meiji Gakuin University
Comprehending Authentic Video: The Importance of High Frequency Vocabulary
Although there are now many online resources for accessing authentic
video in and out of the classroom, this presentation argues that the
gap between the average vocabulary size of typical Japanese EFL
language learners and the amount of vocabulary needed to comprehend
those videos is usually quite daunting. In this session, the presenter
will begin by developing the argument for the importance of teaching
high frequency vocabulary, citing some of his background research on
the serious vocabulary gaps that face EFL learners in Japan. After a
discussion of the differences between high frequency vocabulary needed
for proficiency in reading and that for listening, he will then
describe the theoretical underpinnings of several online tools he
helped to develop for assisting students to be able to better
comprehend unsimplified videos (as well as many freeware and shareware
equivalents). Participants will be introduced to an approach for rating
the difficulty of videos by their vocabulary content and developing
targeted special purpose vocabulary lists based on corpus research of
the transcripts of the videos, after which the presenter will
demonstrate a spaced–repetition learning system for quickly acquiring
knowledge of these new words in the context of authentic videos, a tool
for bilingual captioning of the videos with clickable html
dictionaries, and voice recognition software that quickly identifies
which words the student is having difficulty with as well as the
specific problems they are having.
Dr. Mark Warschauer
University of California Irving
Re–Imagining Reading in Digital Learning Environments
The basic block paragraph format of texts hasn’t changed much in the
last 1200 years, but the transition from page to screen allows
previously unimagined possibilities. This presentation introduces
visual–syntactic text formatting (VSTF), which uses natural language
processing techniques to parse sentences and present them in a way that
highlights meaning. Specifically, VSTF breaks sentences up at salient
clause and phrase boundaries, fits each row of text into one or two
fixation eyespans, uses a cascading pattern to denote syntactic
hierarchies, and creates visual clusters across multiple rows that help
readers retain and integrate multi–phrase images in their mind.
VSTF makes reading easier by automatically providing the kinds of
meaning clues that are signaled via intonation in oral communication
but are typically absent in written texts. By deploying a more
streamlined presentation of material, it also allows readers to proceed
more efficiently down the page with less confusion and loss of visual
focus. Research on use of VSTF among both college and secondary
students has found that students using VSTF read 20% faster, comprehend
25% more of what they read, and, after an academic year of VSTF usage,
increase their reading proficiency in English substantially, even when
the proficiency tests are given in traditional block format. English
language learners benefit the most.
This presentation will provide an overview of the transition in reading
from page to screen and its importance for English language learning
and teaching, illustrating the potential value of VSTF and other new
Keynote & Plenary
Carla Meskill is Professor, Department of Educational Theory and
Practice, at the University at Albany, State University of New York.
Her research and teaching explore new forms of technology use in
language education as well as the influences of new technologies on
developing language and literacy practices. In tandem, her work
explores the nature of electronic literacy and its centrality in
teacher professional development. On these and related topics she has
published widely. Dr. Meskill is the former director of the Technology
Assisted Language Learning (TALL) project, Language Advocacy Project
(LAP), co–editor of MERLOT and currently serves as associate editor of
Language Learning Technology.
Charles Browne is Professor of Applied Linguistics and head of the EFL
Teacher Training Program at Meiji Gakuin University as well as Senior
Science and Pedagogy Advisor for EnglishCentral
(www.englishcentral.com), Senior Academic Advisor for GoFluent
(www.gofluent.com), and co–founder and patent–holder of the language
learning software at Lexxica, (www.lexxica.com). During his 25 years in
Japan, Dr. Browne was also a Professor of English at Aoyama Gakuin
University, Director of Sony Language Laboratories, National Chairman
of the JET Program, and served in a variety of positions for the
Ministry of Education. He publishes widely on the topics of teacher
education in Japan, second language vocabulary acquisition, and CALL
(Including co–editor of New Perspectives on CALL for the Second
Language Classroom), and writes a monthly column on teacher education
for Taishukan’s Eigo Kyoiku magazine.
Mark Warschauer is Professor of Education and Informatics at the
University of California, Irvine and, during 2010–2011, a Visiting
Scholar at Waseda University. Previously, he has taught or conducted
research at Moscow Linguistic University, Charles University in Prague,
and the University of Hawaii. Dr. Warschauer’s research focuses on the
intersection of new technology use with language learning, literacy
instruction, and educational reform. He is the author or editor of nine
books including Laptops and Literacy: Learning in the Wireless
Classroom. His newest book, to appear this September, is Learning in
the Cloud: How (and Why) to Transform Schools with Digital Media.
08:30 – 17:00 Registration
09:10 – 09:20 Opening Ceremony (room 82A)
09:30 – 10:10 Session 1
10:20 – 11:00 Session 2
11:10 – 12:10 Plenary Address (room 82A): Charles Browne
12:10 – 13:10 Lunch (Cafeteria)
13:10 – 13:50 Session 3
14:00 – 14:40 Session 4
14:50 – 15:30 Session 5
15:40 – 16:20 Session 6
16:30 – 17:10 Session 7
17:30 – 18:30 Keynote Address (room 82A): Carla Meskill
18:30 – 20:30 Networking Reception (Gakusei Kaikan 2nd Floor)
08:30 – 14:00 Registration
09:30 – 10:10 Session 1
10:20 – 11:00 Session 2
11:10 – 12:10 Plenary Address (room 82A): Mark Warschauer
12:10 – 13:10 Lunch (Bentos in Cafeteria)
13:10 – 13:50 Session 3
14:00 – 14:40 Session 4
14:50 – 15:30 Closing Panel (room 82A)
- Registration and publisher display area are located in the Mii Media Center (800
Building) on the first floor. (number 21 in the picture above).
- Poster display area in in the Mii Media Center 2nd floor.
- LL1-6 rooms are located in the Mii Media Center 4th floor.
- AV1-4 rooms are located in the Mii Media Center 6th floor.
- The Computer Center (1000 Building) is number 20 in the picture.
- Rooms 1043 and 1044 are located in the Computer Center, 4th floor.
- Rooms 1051- 1053 are located in the Computer Center, 5th floor.
- The Networking Reception is located on the 2nd floor of the Gakusei Kaikan
Keyaki Restaurant (number 12 in the picture). .
- There is a direct line Taxi telephone in the Administration Building 1st floor
(number 2 in the picture.) Wait for the taxi in front of this building.
- Convenience stores can be found at the North and South gates.
- Free visitor parking is in front of the Mii Arena (number 16). Note: the parking
gate at the Mii Arena closes at 9:30 pm. Please use this parking lot if you are
staying most of the day.
- There is also limited parking in front of the Administration Building. This
parking area is always open. Please use this area if you are staying for a short
time or after 6pm.